Throwing a baseball a toss of 120 feet is considered long for a typical player, while it is over 300 feet for a professional athlete. That is a significant distinction. We don’t know the solution, but we know that the further you toss, the more things alter. It is one thing you should be aware of as well.
The distance traveled by a throwing baseball is determined by five major factors: physics, motion, gravity, resistance, and angles. Most baseball players search for the best ways to answer the age-old question of how far you can throw a baseball. Improving arm strength is essential for throwing not just further but also quicker.
How to throw a baseball?
Baseball is a lot of fun and lucrative, but you must master your throw to improve your skills. Take the steps below to perfect your throwing technique and improve your accuracy, speed, and strength.
Get into the throwing position
Your complete body should be in the “ready position” for throwing before making any throw. Your feet should be shoulder-width apart, your knees slightly bent, your torso relaxed, and your hips and shoulders aligned.
Begin by holding the ball in your glove towards your chest. It puts it in an advantageous position for you to make a short throw.
Check that your feet are not staggered. You will begin your throw with your feet level and then take a step away as you throw. You should not do this before you start pitching, though.
When throwing the ball, maintain your feet and shoulders in line, like in the ready position.
When you’re getting ready to throw, stay attentive and concentrated. Even if you have some time before practice, don’t waste it by standing and practicing your throwing posture.
Get the right grip
After you’ve gotten into position, the following stage is to keep the ball in play. Although merely gripping the ball may appear to be simple, the proper grip is required. Place your index and middle fingers over a row of appears, with your thumb providing a third grasping point just beneath. Your ring and pinky fingers should curl slightly under the ball to help it stay in place.
Correctly holding the ball along the seams impacts the speed and direction of the throw. When kept in this position, your throw will be more likely to be straight rather than bent.
Keep the ball on your fingertips rather than in your palm. Palming the ball will result in a slower release time, reducing your accuracy and speed.
Ideally, your grip should allow you to make contact with all four seams at the same time. It is challenging at first, but practicing gripping the ball from the beginning will better throw over time.
You may need to glance at the ball first to align the seams with the correct fingers, but with experience, you should be able to sense the precise finger placement without looking, using simple touch.
Move your joints correctly
One of the most important aspects of throwing a good ball is moving your joints correctly. Your wrist, elbow, and shoulder are all included. All three of these should be moved simultaneously in a proper throwing motion. If any of these joints are stiff and do not move when you throw, move them vigorously throughout every wind-up.
When you’re getting ready to throw, your arm should swing loosely in your shoulder socket. Windmill arm exercises can help you improve your capacity to move your shoulder freely. Make large forward-facing circles with your arms over your shoulder.
Maintain a bent elbow with each throw. Although you should utilize a windmill-like action to bring the ball back and around your body, your elbow should bend. Your throwing distance will be reduced if your elbow is stiff.
Consider your wind-up to be a mix between spinning a windmill and drawing a bow and arrow. Your elbow should be bent, but it should spiral up behind your torso in a circular motion.
Your wrist should be highly flexible and heavily used on each toss. It’s all in the wrist, as the phrase goes. Just before releasing the ball, bend your wrist back so that your palm is facing forward. As you toss the ball, use a powerful downward flick with your wrist. It will provide momentum to your throw and improve its accuracy.
Throwing the Ball
Take your place. Once you’re confident in your stance, grip, and joint mobility, combine the three to throw the ball. Your body should be angled away from your target. The ball in your throwing hand should be at your chest.
Before you toss the ball, aim it. You must be sure of where you want your throw to go if you want it to be precise. Always aim for your partner’s chest while tossing to them. Feel free to strive towards your target with your glove to assist your body line up into place.
Wind your arm up. Wind up by bringing the ball back and around your body. As you rotate your arm, move your elbow back and around, allowing it to open and close. Release the ball when it lines up with your target as you bring your arm around in front of you.
With your throw, propel your body forward. Take a stride towards your target with your leg opposite your throwing hand as you prepare to deliver the ball. You will take a stride with your left foot if you are right-handed. Rotate your hips towards your goal at the same time.
As you throw, keep your gaze fixed on your target. Because your throw will follow your eyes, the ball will not strike your target if you are looking about or not paying attention.
Make a powerful follow-through with your throw. After releasing the ball, your throwing arm should descend and land on your opposite hip. It will give your throw more power and enhance your accuracy.
Examine your final throwing posture. Because of the throw, your feet should be broader and staggered, your hips should be rotated to face your target, and your throwing arm should be diagonal across your body with your hand on your opposite hip.
The longer you throw, the more pressure it is on your body
Long tossing at 180 feet produces substantially higher elbow varus torque and shoulder internal rotation torque. These two types of forces cause shoulder and elbow problems, particularly Tommy John’s injuries.
We know that pitching a baseball puts the body under near-maximal stress with each pitch. Long throwing to 180 feet and beyond adds more pressure on the body than pitching from a mound. It is one of the primary reasons an injured player can only start throwing off the mound after 120 feet. The forces recorded at 120 feet are similar to pitching. If you can throw to 120 feet, you can endure the stress of pitching off a mound.
Athletes can withstand the stress of long tossing to 180 feet and beyond, but for how long, and at what cost?
Understand that the pitch count restrictions established by Little League and USA Baseball are intended to protect injuries by preventing overuse. Long toss to 180 feet and beyond must also be factored into this calculation. If you want to reduce your risks of getting hurt by 5x, you should avoid pitching or long tossing for four months of the year.
There is a time and place for long throws, but it must be treated similarly to pitching and included in the overall calculation for overuse.
Maximum distance long tossing is pressure on your body
Pitchers averaged 264 feet were asked to throw as far as possible with a crow hop and no limits on the degree of arc on the throw, considerably below the standards observed in specific baseball training programs.
As a result, both elbow varus torque and shoulder internal rotation torque increased by 10%. So, although long tossing to 180 feet increased torque to your shoulder and elbow, throwing for maximum distance increased these forces considerably.
With long tossing to 180 feet, there is a risk calculation. However, this equation appears to favor danger significantly when throwing longer.
We hope that now that you understand some of the more delicate elements of long-throw programs, you can see that the most acceptable long toss program must be customized. You should not undertake a program simply because a significant leaguer is doing it; instead, you should do it because it has been specially tailored for you in conjunction with a well-planned arm care and strength and conditioning program.