A hit ball cannot go further than 545 feet unless there are unusual weather circumstances. The collision between a bat and a baseball lasts only about 1/1000 of a second.
Ruth’s claims of hitting 600 feet home runs are most likely exaggerated. However, lengths higher than 500 feet may occur.
Factors affecting ball transmission
Wind: A Fickle Friend
A fastball travels from the mound to the plate in less than half a second, necessitating lightning reactions and judgment on the batter’s part to even make contact. So, when the batter makes contact, they must try to capitalize on it.
To get the most out of a hit, a batter must be mindful of wind and atmospheric conditions, according to Brian Johnson, a former catcher with the San Francisco Giants: “The wind may occasionally blow slightly in towards the plate in left field and slightly out of the park in the right. In that instance, you may exploit the situation by attempting to strike the ball to the right”.
Hitters may try to change the trajectory of their hits to take advantage of a breeze. When the wind is coming in, you want to keep the ball out of the air as much as possible and attempt to smash the ball on a line drive that can go through the wind, former Oakland A’s great Rickey Henderson explains.
Sometimes, when the wind is coming in, and you hit a high fly ball that you think is out of the ballpark, the wind will hold it up, and it’ll simply be a deep fly ball. In contrast, if the wind is blowing, batters may attempt to loft a long fly ball, hoping that it will be carried over the fence as a home run.
Atmospheric Density And Viscosity
The density of the atmosphere can also influence the distance traveled by a strike. They have considerably thinner air in the Colorado Rockies’ new stadium (Coors Field), which is high, so the ball flies significantly farther, Johnson says.
Hits that would typically be routine fly balls can soar over the fence for home runs, while batters who would not usually swing for the fences may suddenly consider hanging.
The density of the atmosphere can also affect how far a hit travels. Johnson adds that the ball flies substantially farther in the Colorado Rockies’ new stadium (Coors Field), which is at a high altitude. Hits that would ordinarily be ordinary fly balls can soar over the fence for home runs, and batters who would not usually swing for the fences may reconsider.
If the air were removed, a struck ball would go far further. Assume the ball is struck by the bat and travels into the air at 165 miles per hour at a 55-degree angle. If the ball were to fly in a vacuum, the distance it would go would be limited simply by its capacity to defy gravity, which is imparted by its speed and direction; without all that air in the way, the ball would travel 799 feet!
Even in a stadium twice the size of the ones now in use, a 799-foot home run would be considered a home run. Baseballs, however, must go through the air for the time being because we are still playing on Earth.
A substance’s viscosity shows how much it resists flowing as well as how sticky it is. Motor oil and honey have a high density, but gasoline and benzene have a low viscosity. Gases have a considerably lower viscosity than fluids, around 100 times lower. The thickness of air increases slightly as temperature rises, but not significantly enough to affect ball drag.
Angle Of Contact
The vertical position of the contact is also essential. Baseballs are spherical, and bats are cylindrical or barrel-shaped. If the batter’s swing is more than a few millimeters off-center vertically, the hit will be a fly ball or a grounder. A line drive is a dead-center hit, while a home run is a shot a few millimeters below center.
However, it might also result in a deep fly ball that the fielders easily catch for an out. The physical characteristics of the bat and the ball, the time of contact between bat and ball, and the interaction of the ball with the air as the ball fly towards the outfield play a role.
Bat Speed: A Big Stick Is Good, But A Fast Stick Is Better
Therefore, it would appear that a giant, heavy bat would be optimal for striking a ball a long distance because a big bat has more momentum than a light bat once it is going at a given speed.
A vast, heavy item, on the other hand, takes a lot of work to get moving from a stop. It has a high moment of inertia. (Inertia is the tendency of a stationary item to remain standing and a moving one to continue moving.)
Many batters who utilize lighter bats, like Rickey Henderson, are “contact” hitters. Instead of “swinging for the fences,” they focus on well-placed base hits. Some light-hitting batters, on the other hand, have hit a lot of home runs. Hank Aaron, for example, used a light bat to break Babe Ruth’s lifetime record of 714 home runs.
Remember that momentum is made up of two parts: velocity and mass. A batter with quick wrists and a light bat may create enormous bat speed, resulting in colossal momentum.
What’s the Longest Possible Home Run?
Home runs flew out of baseball stadiums at an unprecedented rate in 2017, with MLB batters’ slugging more than 5,700 dingers to establish a single-season record. Those homers are also soaring a long way.
Perhaps no shot was more spectacular than that of New York Yankees rookie Aaron Judge, who launched a 495 feet home run in Yankee Stadium this summer. In July, fans who watched the Home Run Derby witnessed Judge launch baseballs where no baseball had gone before, including one homer that doinked off the roof of Miami’s Marlins Park.
Mickey Mantle’s 565 feet home shot at Washington, D.C.’s Griffith Stadium in 1953 is regarded the longest ever. Nathan has looked into that issue and feels the accurate figure is closer to 540 feet. An outward wind of 20 miles per hour. “It made a significant impact,” he adds that it wouldn’t have been more than 500 feet if it hadn’t been for the wind.
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